In almost any pigeon loft we can find coccidiosis, but only a very serious infection will cause visible clinical signs. In contrast with a trichomonosis infection the pigeon is able to build up some natural resistance against coccidiosis and therefore a treatment will only be necessary in case of a very serious infection. Eimeria labbeana and Eimeria columbarum are parasites multiplying in the intestinal cells and damaging them.
In case of a serious infection the digestion will be less efficient, the droppings will become watery green and the pigeons will lose their condition. A good daily hygiene is of the utmost importance and should always be coupled with a good treatment and a dry climate on the loft.
There are three infection ways by which the disease is being transmitted:
- dirty contaminated baskets,
- eating and/or drinking of contaminated food or drinking water,
- drinking of contaminated water on roofs or out of gutters.